##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Silvia Tasnim

  •   Md. Jashim Uddin

  •   Synthia Tahsin

  •   Khairul Anam

Abstract

— The penetration of Electric Vehicle (EV) on the distribution network has been increased worldwide and this has also boosted up the impacts on power system performance affecting voltage profile, voltage sensitivity factor, harmonics, overloading, increased grid loss resulting in reduced efficiency and power quality. A coordinated charging schedule can reduce this stress on the power grid and show significant improvement of network parameters. In this study, by simulating through Power Factory built-in MV/LV distribution test system, the impact of increasing EV on the distribution system has been analyzed and a simple approach of charging schedule for a centralized charging station has been proposed that will minimize the deteriorating impacts on connected distribution system due to EV charging.

Keywords: Centralized charging station, EV charge scheduling, Reactive power margin, Total harmonic distortion, Voltage stability.

References

J. C. Mukherjee and A. Gupta, "A Review of Charge Scheduling of Electric Vehicles in Smart Grid," in IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1541-1553, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2014.2356559.

Damiano, A.; Marongiu, I.; Porru, M.; Serpi, A. Electric Vehicle Energy Storage Management for Renewable Energy Sources Exploitation. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference (IEVC 2012), Greenville, SC, USA, 4–8 March 2012; pp. 1–8.

International Energy Agency. Global EV Outlook 2020; Technical Report; International Energy Agency: Paris, France, 2020. Available online: https://webstore.iea.org/global-ev-outlook-2020 (accessed on 28 Aug 2020).

Sundstrom, O.; Binding, C. Optimization Methods to Plan the Charging of Electric Vehicle Fleets. ACEEE Int. J. Commun. 2010, 1, 45–50.

Deb, S.; Tammi, K.; Kalita, K.; Mahanta, P. Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Load on Distribution Network. Energies 2018, 11, 178.

Dharmakeerthi, C.H.; Mithulananthan, N.; Saha, T.K. Impact of electric vehicle fast charging on power system voltage stability. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 2014, 57, 241–249.

O. Sundstrom and C. Binding, "Flexible Charging Optimization for Electric Vehicles Considering Distribution Grid Constraints," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 26-37, March 2012, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2011.2168431.

Study Report: Impact Assessment of Large Scale Integration of EV Charging Infrastructure to Distribution Grid. Available online: https://thecityfixlearn.org/webinar/impact-electric-vehicle-ev-charging-local-grid (accessed on 22 Aug 2020).

Report of European Distribution System Operators for Smart Grid on “Smart charging: integrating a large widespread of electric cars in electricity distribution grids,” March 2018.

Robert Bass, Nicole Zimmerman, “Impacts of Electric Vehicle Charging on Electric Power Distribution Systems”, Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations, Sep 2013.

]F. J. Soares, J. A. P. Lopes and P. M. R. Almeida, “A Monte Carlo method to evaluate electric vehicles impacts in distribution networks,” (2010 IEEE Conference on Innovative Technologies for an Efficient and Reliable Electricity Supply, Sept 2010, pp. 365-372).

Wetzer, Jos. “Operation of transformers: Impact of harmonic loading on transformer losses.” Transformers Magazine 5, no. 1 (2018): 74-79.

M. Singh, I. Kar and P. Kumar, "Influence of EV on grid power quality and optimizing the charging schedule to mitigate voltage imbalance and reduce power loss," Proceedings of 14th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference EPE-PEMC 2010, Ohrid, 2010, pp. T2-196-T2-203, doi: 10.1109/EPEPEMC.2010.5606657.

Canizes, B.; Soares, J.; Costa, A.; Pinto, T.; Lezama, F.; Novais, P.; Vale, Z. Electric Vehicles’ User Charging Behaviour Simulator for a Smart City. Energies 2019, 12, 1470.

Tareq Aziz, T. K. Saha, N. Mithulananthan “Distributed Generators Placement for Loadability Enhancement based on Reactive PowerMargin” p. 740-741.

Roy, N. K., Pota, H. R., & Hossain, M. J. (2013). Reactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage stability. Renewable Energy, 58, 85–94. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2013.02.030.

Rahman, M. M.; Barua, S.; Zohora, S. T.; Hasan, K.; Aziz, T. Voltage sensitivity based site selection for PHEV charging station in commercial distribution system. In Proceedings of the Asia Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, Hong Kong, China, 8–11 December 2013; pp. 1–6.

Deb, S., Tammi, K., Kalita, K., & Mahanta, P. (2018). Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Load on Distribution Network. Energies, 11(1), [178]. DOI: 10.3390/en11010178.

IEEE Standard 519-2014, IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems, (Revision of IEEE Standard 519-1992) (IEEE, 2014), pp. 1–29.

Hu, Z., Zhan, K., Zhang, H., & Song, Y. (2016). Pricing mechanisms design for guiding electric vehicle charging to fill load valley. Applied Energy, 178, 155–163.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Tasnim, S., Uddin, M.J., Tahsin, S. and Anam, K. 2020. Developing Efficient Charging Schedule of Electrical Vehicles for Centralized Charging Station by Analyzing Impact on Distribution Network Due to EV Charging. European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. 4, 5 (Oct. 2020). DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejece.2020.4.5.250.