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  •   Emmanuel Gbenga Dada

  •   Hurcha Joseph Yakubu

  •   David Opeoluwa Oyewola

Abstract

Rainfall prediction is an important meteorological problem that can greatly affect humanity in areas such as agriculture production, flooding, drought, and sustainable management of water resources. The dynamic and nonlinear nature of the climatic conditions have made it impossible for traditional techniques to yield satisfactory accuracy for rainfall prediction. As a result of the sophistication of climatic processes that produced rainfall, using quantitative techniques to predict rainfall is a very cumbersome task. The paper proposed four non-linear techniques such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) for rainfall prediction. ANN has the capacity to map different input and output patterns. The Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN), Cascade Forward Neural Network (CFNN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), and Elman Neural Network (ENN) were used to predict rainfall. The dataset used for this work contains some meteorological variables such as temperature, wind speed, humidity, rainfall, visibility, and others for the year 2015-2019. Simulation results indicated that of all the proposed Neural Network (NN) models, the Elman NN model produced the best performance. We also found out that Elman NN has the best performance for the year 2018 (having the lowest RMSE, MSE, and MAE of 6.360, 40.45, and 0.54 respectively). The results indicated that NN algorithms are robust, dependable, and reliable algorithms that can be used for daily, monthly, or yearly rainfall prediction.

Keywords: Rainfall Prediction, Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN), Cascade Forward Neural Network (CFNN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), Elman Neural Network (ENN)

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How to Cite
[1]
Dada, E.G., Yakubu, H.J. and Oyewola, D.O. 2021. Artificial Neural Network Models for Rainfall Prediction. European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. 5, 2 (Apr. 2021), 30-35. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejece.2021.5.2.313.