Solar Powered Water Pumping System Automation and Control Using a Microcontroller for Aquaculture

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Adnan Sarwar

  •   M. Tariq Iqbal

Abstract

This work represents an automated solar-powered water pumping system for a fish farm located off-grid in a rural area of Pakistan. The ultrasonic water level sensor is used with the microcontroller Arduino UNO to automate the pumping system. The water level sensor is connected to the microcontroller based on the sensor programming and sensor data extraction from the water ponds of the fish farm. The microcontroller controls the water pump automatically to switch ON/OFF. This solution is very cost-effective for local farmers, and no human is needed on the site to monitor and operate the water pumping system for the fish farm. The designed system can reduce labor costs and effectively provide fish farms a smooth automated water pumping system.


Keywords: Automation and Control, Microcontroller, Renewable energy, Water level sensor, Water pumping system

References

Leung T. L., and Bates A. E. More rapid and severe disease outbreaks for aquaculture at the tropics: implications for food security. Journal of applied ecology, 2013;50(1): 215–222.

Belton B., Karim M., Thilsted S., Murshed-E-Jahan K., Collis W., Phillips M. Review of aquaculture and fish consumption in Bangladesh. http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/7516 [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2022 Jul 28]; Available from: https://aquadocs.org/handle/1834/24444.

FAO, editor. Opportunities and challenges. Rome; 2014. 223 p.

Bene C., Macfadyen G., Allison E.H. Increasing the contribution of small-scale fisheries to poverty alleviation and food security. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper (FAO) [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2022 Jul 28]; Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/a0965e/a0965e00.htm.

Khan A., Awan N. Inter-Provincial Water Conflicts in Pakistan: A Critical Analysis. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 2020;43(2):42–53.

Ahmad B. Water Management: A solution to water scarcity in Pakistan. J. Indep. Stud. Res., 2011 Dec;9:111-25.

Rafique M.M., Rehman S. National energy scenario of Pakistan – Current status, future alternatives, and institutional infrastructure: An overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017 Mar 1;69:156–67.

Ali M., Sultana R., Tahir S., Watson I.A., Saleem M. Prospects of microalgal biodiesel production in Pakistan–A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017 Dec 1;80:1588-96.

Muhammad F., Raza M.W., Khan S., Khan F. Different solar potential co-ordinates of Pakistan. Innovative Energy & Research, 2017;6(2).

Bipasha Biswas S., Tariq Iqbal M. Solar Water Pumping System Control Using a Low Cost ESP32 Microcontroller. In: 2018 IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical Computer Engineering (CCECE). 2018. p. 1–5.

Reza S.M.K., Tariq S.A., Reza S.M.M. Microcontroller Based Automated Water Level Sensing and Controlling: Design and Implementation Issue. 2010;5.

Ganesh K., Girisha S. Embedded controller in farmers pump by solar energy (Automation of solarised water pump). In: 2011 International conference on recent advancements in electrical, electronics and control engineering, 2011, p. 226–9.

Mulmane S.R., Khamitkar R.S. Automation of Water Pump Controller for Irrigation Using ATMEGA 16. IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, 8.

Febaide I.C., Enughwure A.A. Automation of Water Pump Station of Kurutie Community using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). 2020;07(04):6.

Cahyono D., Lestari V.N.S. Automation of fish pond water circulation by using arduino uno-based control system [Internet]. INA-Rxiv; 2017 [cited 2022 May 30]. Available from: https://osf.io/preprints/inarxiv/qc5kb/.

Google Maps [Internet]. Google Maps. [cited 2022 Jul 28]. Available from: https://www.google.ca/maps/search/Saif+Khosa+Fish+Farm/@30.0812375,70.612729,13z/data=!3m1!4b1.

Wilo-Select 4 [Internet]. [cited 2022 Jul 28]. Available from: https://wilo-select.com/Region.aspx.

Canadian Solar CS6X-325P Solar Panel - 325 Watt Max Power [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 30]. Available from: https://www.solarelectricsupply.com/canadian-solar-max-power-cs6x-325p-solar-panel-wholesale-price.

BAE PVS Block en 2016.06-B | PDF | Rechargeable Battery | Photovoltaics [Internet]. Scribd. [cited 2022 May 30]. Available from: https://www.scribd.com/document/461789224/BAE-PVS-Block-en-2016-06-B.

Fronius Symo 20.0-3-M [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 30]. Available from:https://www.fronius.com/en-gb/uk/solar-energy/installers-partners/technical-data/all-products/inverters/fronius-symo/fronius-symo-20-0-3-m.

UNO R3 | Arduino Documentation [Internet]. [cited 2022 Apr 14]. Available from: https://docs.arduino.cc/hardware/uno-rev3.

PING))) Ultrasonic Distance Sensor - Parallax [Internet]. [cited 2022 Apr 14]. Available from: https://www.parallax.com/product/ping-ultrasonic-distance-sensor/.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
[1]
Sarwar, A. and Iqbal, M.T. 2022. Solar Powered Water Pumping System Automation and Control Using a Microcontroller for Aquaculture . European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. 6, 4 (Jul. 2022), 17–22. DOI:https://doi.org/10.24018/ejece.2022.6.4.447.

Most read articles by the same author(s)