European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece <table width="80%" cellpadding="10" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td rowspan="4" valign="top" width="20%"><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/dergi_kapak2.jpg" alt="jets" align="left" border="0" hspace="10"> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>DOI</strong> : 10.240818/EJECE</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>ISSN</strong> : 2506-9853</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Impact Factor</strong> : 0,69</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Publication Frequency:</strong> Bimonthly</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Country of Origin:</strong> Belgium</button></td> <td align="right" valign="bottom" width="20%" height="70px">Â&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/new10_e0.gif" alt="gif" border="0"></td> <td align="left" valign="bottom" height="125px"><button style="background: #A2E3FF; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: blue; padding: 8px 16px; border-radius: 10px; border: 2px solid #4CAF50; width: 300px;" type="button">CALL FOR PAPER -VOL. 2/ ISSUE 7, 2018</button></td> </tr> <tr> <td rowspan="3" align="right" valign="top" width="20%">Â&nbsp;</td> <td align="left" valign="top" height="75px"><button style="background: #A2E3FF; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: blue; padding: 8px 16px; border-radius: 10px; border: 2px solid #4CAF50; width: 300px;" type="button">SUBMIT YOUR PAPER FOR PEER REVIEW</button></td> </tr> <tr> <td align="left" valign="top"> <p style="font-size: 17px; margin: 6px;">SubmitÂ&nbsp;<a href="/index.php/ejece/user/register"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Online</strong></span></a>Â&nbsp;or byÂ&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="mailto:editor@europapublishing.org"><strong>E-mail</strong></a></span> to<br>Â&nbsp;<a href="mailto:editor@ejece.org">editor@ejece.org</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="7"> <tbody> <tr> <td>Â&nbsp; <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/jW1fB2qUlOU" width="450" height="250" frameborder="0"></iframe></td> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><span style="color: blue;">Â&nbsp;<strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> â–ºÂ&nbsp;</span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue; text-decoration: underline;">What does EJECE do</span></strong></span> <strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span></strong><strong><em>Â&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong>European Journal of ElectricalÂ&nbsp;<strong>Engineering</strong> and Computer Science</strong>Â&nbsp;(EJECE) is a peer-reviewedÂ&nbsp;international journal publishes <strong>bimonthly</strong>Â&nbsp;full-length state-of-the-artÂ&nbsp;research papers, reviews, case studies related to <strong>all areas of <a href="/index.php/ejece/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope">Electrical Engineering and Computer Science</a></strong>.Â&nbsp;</p> <p>All submitted articles:</p> <ul> <li class="show">must be <strong>original</strong></li> <li class="show">must be<strong> previously unpublished research results</strong></li> <li class="show">must be <strong>experimental or theoretical</strong></li> <li class="show">and will be <strong>peer-reviewed</strong></li> <li class="show">may not be <strong>considered for publication elsewhere at any time during the review period</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>Â&nbsp;</strong>EJECE is published by<strong>Â&nbsp;<a href="http://www.europapublishing.org">European Open Access Publishing (EUROPA Publishing)</a></strong>Â&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><strong>Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;">â–ºÂ&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;">How do we do it</span></span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</strong>Â&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Open Access Policy</strong><br><br>EJECE provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available after publication on the journal website to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/open_access.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Zero Tolerance for PlagiarismÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJECEhas a policy of “Zero Tolerance on the Plagiarism”. We check the plagiarism issue through two methods: reviewer check and plagiarism prevention tool (iThenticate.com).</p> <p>All submissions will be checked by plagiarism prevention software before being sent to reviewers.</p> <p>Â&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/no_plagiarism.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Digital Archiving PolicyÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJECEuses LOCKSS system as digital archiving policy. LOCKSS ensures the long-term survival of Web-based scholarly publications. Namely, your publication will remain digitally available forever for free under Creative Commons License.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/clockss_lockss.png" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;<strong>IndexingÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><br><span class="auto-style5">All EJECE content is indexed withÂ&nbsp;<a href="http://www.crossref.org/">CrossRef</a>Â&nbsp;and assigned aÂ&nbsp;<a href="http://www.doi.org/">Digital Object Identifier (DOI)</a>. This means that all of our references are made available so that citations can be tracked by the publishing community.</span></p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/indexing_policy21.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Paper Selection and Publishing Process</strong></p> <p><em>a) Submission Acknowledgement</em></p> <p>When you submit a manuscript online, you will receive a submission acknowledgement letter sent by the online system automatically. For email submission, the editor or editorial assistant sends an e-mail confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, please check your bulk email box or contact the editorial assistant.</p> <p><em>b) Basic Review</em></p> <p>The editor or editorial assistant determines whether the manuscript fits the journal’s focus and scope. Next, a check for the similarity rate is done using CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate. Any manuscripts out of the journal’s scope or containing plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected.</p> <p><em>c) Peer Review</em></p> <p>We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymousÂ&nbsp;to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by two or three experts;Â&nbsp;one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers.Â&nbsp;The review process may take two to four weeks.</p> <p><em>d) DecisionÂ&nbsp;</em></p> <p>The decisionÂ&nbsp;(Acception, Revision or Decline)Â&nbsp;is based on the suggestions of reviewers. If there is a different opinion between reviewers, the editor will arrive to a balanced decision based on all the comments, or a second round of peer-reviewing may be initiated.<span style="background-color: #ffffff;">Â&nbsp;</span></p> <p><em>e) Publication Fee</em></p> <p>In order to start copyediting process, <a href="/index.php/ejece/about/submissions#authorFees">Paper Publication Fee</a>Â&nbsp;must be paid.Â&nbsp;</p> <p><em>f) Copyediting Process-Step </em>1 :<em>Â&nbsp;Journal Template Adaptation</em></p> <p>The authors need to re-edit the paper, using the template. The re-edited paper should use the template provided by us and meet the formatting requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.</p> <p>All accepted manuscripts are obligated to adapt the layout of the paper according to the journal's template. EJERS provides a<span class="Apple-converted-space">Â&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.ejece.org/upload/documents/EJECE_template.docx">.DOCX template format</a>, and also accepts<span class="Apple-converted-space">Â&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.ieee.org/conferences/publishing/templates.html">IEEE journal LaTeX template format</a>.</p> <p><em>g) Copyediting Process-Step 2</em></p> <p>After receiving the revised paper. Our editing staff will work on the layout and format. After the process, we will invite you to check the paper again.</p> <p><em>h) Online Publication &amp; Indexing</em></p> <p>E-journal in .PDF Â&nbsp;format will be available on the journal’s webpage free of charge for download. In addition, a DOI identifier will be assigned to your paper, and you will be informed regarding to the DOI number.</p> <p>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</p> <p>Â&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> European Open Access Publishing en-US European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2506-9853 <p>The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.</p> <p>Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.</p> AI-Supply chain Risk Management during Pandemic https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/252 <p>Artificial intelligence (AI) was introduced to develop and create “thinking machines” that are capable of mimicking, learning, and replacing human intelligence. Since the late 1970s, AI has shown great promise in improving human decision-making processes and the subsequent productivity in various business endeavors due to its ability to recognize business patterns, learn business phenomena, seek information, and analyze data intelligently. Despite its widespread acceptance as a decision-aid tool, AI has seen limited application in supply chain management (SCM). To fully exploit the potential benefits of AI for SCM, this paper explores various sub-fields of AI that are most suitable for solving practical problems relevant to SCM. In so doing, this paper reviews the past record of success in AI applications to SCM and identifies the most fruitful areas of SCM in which to apply AI.</p> Dhanesh Thatikonda Copyright (c) 2020 Dhanesh Thatikonda http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-09 2020-11-09 4 6 10.24018/ejece.2020.4.6.252 Context-Aware Computational Trust Model for Recommender Systems https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/251 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">With increase in computing and networking technologies, many organizations have managed to place their services online with the aim of achieving efficiency in customer service as well as reach more potential customers, also with communicable diseases such as COVID-19 and need for social distancing, many people are encouraged to work from home, including shopping. To meet this objective in areas with poor Internet connectivity, the government of Kenya recently announced partnership with Google Inc for use of Google Loon. This has come up with challenges which include information overload on the side of the end consumer as well as security loopholes such as dishonest vendors preying on unsuspecting consumers. Recommender systems have been used to alleviate these two challenges by helping online users select the best item for their case. However, most recommender systems, especially common filtering recommendation algorithm (CFRA) based systems still rely on presenting output based on selections of nearest neighbors (most similar users – birds of the same feathers flock together). This leaves room for manipulation of the output by mimicking the features of their target and then picking malicious item such that when the recommender system runs, it will output the same malicious item to the target – a trust issue. Data to construct trust is equally a challenge. In this research, we propose to address this issue by creating a trust adjustment factor (TAF) for recommender systems for online services. </span></p> Edwin O. Ngwawe Elisha O. Abade Stephen N. Mburu Copyright (c) 2020 Edwin O. Ngwawe, Elisha O. Abade, Stephen N. Mburu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-09 2020-11-09 4 6 10.24018/ejece.2020.4.6.251 Deployment of Vanets Infrastructure to Aid Road Transport Systems in Developing Countries https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/253 <p>This work proposes the adoption of Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET) into the Road Transport system of developing countries. There are myriads of challenges to road transportation in developing countries which include poor state of roads, poor maintenance of roads, road congestions amongst others. The negative impacts of these developments could be very devastating on human lives as well as the economy of the nations concerned. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) which involve the integration of modern communication and information technology into existing transportation systems for real time monitoring of traffic in order to alleviate traffic congestion, incidents, public health issues, etc. Utilizing VANET communication infrastructure will enable ITSs to improve safety of commuters on the roads and minimize traffic congestion, waiting times, fuel consumption, and emissions. The situation in the Nigerian State is considered.</p> S. Konyeha E. Osa Copyright (c) 2020 E. Osa, S. Konyeha http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-19 2020-11-19 4 6 10.24018/ejece.2020.4.6.253