European Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece <table width="80%" cellpadding="10" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td rowspan="4" valign="top" width="20%"><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/dergi_kapak2.jpg" alt="jets" align="left" border="0" hspace="10"> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>DOI</strong> : 10.240818/EJECE</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>ISSN</strong> : 2506-9853</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Impact Factor</strong> : 0,69</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Publication Frequency:</strong> Bimonthly</button> <button style="background: #10C9F5; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: white; margin: 5px; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; border-radius: 15px; border: 2px solid #0D0A0A; width: 275px;" type="button"><strong>Country of Origin:</strong> Belgium</button></td> <td align="right" valign="bottom" width="20%" height="70px">Â&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/new10_e0.gif" alt="gif" border="0"></td> <td align="left" valign="bottom" height="125px"><button style="background: #A2E3FF; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: blue; padding: 8px 16px; border-radius: 10px; border: 2px solid #4CAF50; width: 300px;" type="button">CALL FOR PAPER -VOL. 2/ ISSUE 7, 2018</button></td> </tr> <tr> <td rowspan="3" align="right" valign="top" width="20%">Â&nbsp;</td> <td align="left" valign="top" height="75px"><button style="background: #A2E3FF; cursor: pointer; font-size: 15px; font-style: bold; text-align: center; color: blue; padding: 8px 16px; border-radius: 10px; border: 2px solid #4CAF50; width: 300px;" type="button">SUBMIT YOUR PAPER FOR PEER REVIEW</button></td> </tr> <tr> <td align="left" valign="top"> <p style="font-size: 17px; margin: 6px;">SubmitÂ&nbsp;<a href="/index.php/ejece/user/register"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Online</strong></span></a>Â&nbsp;or byÂ&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="mailto:editor@europapublishing.org"><strong>E-mail</strong></a></span> to<br>Â&nbsp;<a href="mailto:editor@ejece.org">editor@ejece.org</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="7"> <tbody> <tr> <td>Â&nbsp; <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/jW1fB2qUlOU" width="450" height="250" frameborder="0"></iframe></td> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><span style="color: blue;">Â&nbsp;<strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> â–ºÂ&nbsp;</span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue; text-decoration: underline;">What does EJECE do</span></strong></span> <strong><span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span></strong><strong><em>Â&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong>European Journal of ElectricalÂ&nbsp;<strong>Engineering</strong> and Computer Science</strong>Â&nbsp;(EJECE) is a peer-reviewedÂ&nbsp;international journal publishes <strong>bimonthly</strong>Â&nbsp;full-length state-of-the-artÂ&nbsp;research papers, reviews, case studies related to <strong>all areas of <a href="/index.php/ejece/about/editorialPolicies#focusAndScope">Electrical Engineering and Computer Science</a></strong>.Â&nbsp;</p> <p>All submitted articles:</p> <ul> <li class="show">must be <strong>original</strong></li> <li class="show">must be<strong> previously unpublished research results</strong></li> <li class="show">must be <strong>experimental or theoretical</strong></li> <li class="show">and will be <strong>peer-reviewed</strong></li> <li class="show">may not be <strong>considered for publication elsewhere at any time during the review period</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>Â&nbsp;</strong>EJECE is published by<strong>Â&nbsp;<a href="http://www.europapublishing.org">European Open Access Publishing (EUROPA Publishing)</a></strong>Â&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="width: 100%;" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" bgcolor="FAFAFA"> <p><strong>Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;">â–ºÂ&nbsp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;">How do we do it</span></span> <span style="font-size: 140%; color: blue;"> ?</span>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</strong>Â&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Open Access Policy</strong><br><br>EJECE provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available after publication on the journal website to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/open_access.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Zero Tolerance for PlagiarismÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJECEhas a policy of “Zero Tolerance on the Plagiarism”. We check the plagiarism issue through two methods: reviewer check and plagiarism prevention tool (iThenticate.com).</p> <p>All submissions will be checked by plagiarism prevention software before being sent to reviewers.</p> <p>Â&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/no_plagiarism.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p><strong>Digital Archiving PolicyÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>EJECEuses LOCKSS system as digital archiving policy. LOCKSS ensures the long-term survival of Web-based scholarly publications. Namely, your publication will remain digitally available forever for free under Creative Commons License.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/clockss_lockss.png" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;<strong>IndexingÂ&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><br><span class="auto-style5">All EJECE content is indexed withÂ&nbsp;<a href="http://www.crossref.org/">CrossRef</a>Â&nbsp;and assigned aÂ&nbsp;<a href="http://www.doi.org/">Digital Object Identifier (DOI)</a>. This means that all of our references are made available so that citations can be tracked by the publishing community.</span></p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/zaratushtra/indexing_policy21.jpg" alt=""></p> <hr align="left" width="250px"> <p>Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp; Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Paper Selection and Publishing Process</strong></p> <p><em>a) Submission Acknowledgement</em></p> <p>When you submit a manuscript online, you will receive a submission acknowledgement letter sent by the online system automatically. For email submission, the editor or editorial assistant sends an e-mail confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, please check your bulk email box or contact the editorial assistant.</p> <p><em>b) Basic Review</em></p> <p>The editor or editorial assistant determines whether the manuscript fits the journal’s focus and scope. Next, a check for the similarity rate is done using CrossCheck, powered by iThenticate. Any manuscripts out of the journal’s scope or containing plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected.</p> <p><em>c) Peer Review</em></p> <p>We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymousÂ&nbsp;to authors. The paper will be peer-reviewed by two or three experts;Â&nbsp;one is an editorial staff and the other two are external reviewers.Â&nbsp;The review process may take two to four weeks.</p> <p><em>d) DecisionÂ&nbsp;</em></p> <p>The decisionÂ&nbsp;(Acception, Revision or Decline)Â&nbsp;is based on the suggestions of reviewers. If there is a different opinion between reviewers, the editor will arrive to a balanced decision based on all the comments, or a second round of peer-reviewing may be initiated.<span style="background-color: #ffffff;">Â&nbsp;</span></p> <p><em>e) Publication Fee</em></p> <p>In order to start copyediting process, <a href="/index.php/ejece/about/submissions#authorFees">Paper Publication Fee</a>Â&nbsp;must be paid.Â&nbsp;</p> <p><em>f) Copyediting Process-Step </em>1 :<em>Â&nbsp;Journal Template Adaptation</em></p> <p>The authors need to re-edit the paper, using the template. The re-edited paper should use the template provided by us and meet the formatting requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.</p> <p>All accepted manuscripts are obligated to adapt the layout of the paper according to the journal's template. EJERS provides a<span class="Apple-converted-space">Â&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.ejece.org/upload/documents/EJECE_template.docx">.DOCX template format</a>, and also accepts<span class="Apple-converted-space">Â&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.ieee.org/conferences/publishing/templates.html">IEEE journal LaTeX template format</a>.</p> <p><em>g) Copyediting Process-Step 2</em></p> <p>After receiving the revised paper. Our editing staff will work on the layout and format. After the process, we will invite you to check the paper again.</p> <p><em>h) Online Publication &amp; Indexing</em></p> <p>E-journal in .PDF Â&nbsp;format will be available on the journal’s webpage free of charge for download. In addition, a DOI identifier will be assigned to your paper, and you will be informed regarding to the DOI number.</p> <p>Â&nbsp;Â&nbsp;</p> <p>Â&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <p>The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.</p> <p>Submission of the manuscript represents that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not considered for publication elsewhere.</p> editor@ejece.org (European Journal of Electrical Engineering&Computer Science) editor@ejece.org (support) Mon, 04 Jan 2021 09:26:36 -0500 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Efficient Pneumonia Detection for Chest Radiography Using ResNet-Based SVM https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/268 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">Chest radiography has a significant clinical utility in the medical imaging diagnosis, as it is one of the most basic examination tools. Pneumonia is a common infection that rapidly affects human lung areas. So, finding an advanced automated method to detect Pneumonia is assigned to be one of the most recent issues, which is still prohibitively expensive to mass adoption, especially in the developing countries. This article presents an innovative approach for distinguishing the residence of pneumonia by embedding computational techniques to chest x-rays images which eliminating the demands for single-image investigation and significantly decrease the total costs. Recent advances in deep learning achieved remarkable results in image classification on different domains; however, its application for Pneumonia diagnosis is still restricted. Hence, the main focus is to provide an investigation that will improve the research in this area, presenting a new proposal to the applications of pre-trained convolutional neural networks (CNNs) as a stage of features extraction to detect this disease. Specifically, we propose to combine deep residual neural networks (ResNets), which extract the hierarchical features from the individual x-ray images with the boosting algorithm to select the salient features, and support vector machine for classification (AdaBoost-SVM). After conducting the performance analysis on the available dataset, we have concluded that the precision of the introduced scheme in Pneumonia classification is superior to the most concurrent approaches, resulting in a great improvement in clinical outcomes. </span></p> Yasser H. Elawady Copyright (c) 2021 Yasser H. Elawady http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/268 Tue, 12 Jan 2021 09:12:58 -0500 Prediction of Interpolants in Zero Diluted Images https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/271 <p>This paper provides an algorithmic procedure to predict interpolants of zero diluted images. Given a digital image, one can zero dilute it by right adjoining a column consisting of ‘0s’ to every column except the last column and inserting a row consisting of ‘0s’ below every row except the last row. This yields a new image with a size (2W-1)×(2H-1), where W is the width and H is the height of the original image. Another way of zero diluting an image is by right adjoining a column consisting of ‘0s’ to every column and inserting a row consisting of ‘0s’ below every row. This yields a new image with a size (2W)×(2H), where W is the width and H is the height of the original image. Alternatively, subsampling of an image is carried out by forcing pixel values in the alternate columns and rows to zero. Thus, the size of the subsampled image is reduced to half of the size of the original image. This means 75% of the information in the original image is lost in the subsampled image. On the other hand, zero dilution of an image does not cause loss of information but increases the possibility of predicting more information. The question that arises here is whether it is possible to predict more pixel values, which are called interpolants so that the reconstructed image is an enhanced version of the original image in resolution. In this paper, two novel interpolant prediction techniques, which are reliable and computationally efficient, are discussed. They are (i) interpolant prediction using neighborhood pixel value averaging and (ii) interpolant prediction using extended morphological filtering. These techniques can be applied to predict interpolants in a subsampled image also.</p> T. Kishan Rao, M. Shankar Lingam, Manish Prateek, E. G. Rajan Copyright (c) 2021 T. Kishan Rao, M. Shankar Lingam, Manish Prateek, E. G. Rajan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/271 Tue, 12 Jan 2021 09:25:15 -0500 EEG Channel Selection Using A Modified Grey Wolf Optimizer https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/265 <p>Consider an increasingly growing field of research, Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is to form a direct channel of communication between a computer and the brain. However, extracting features of random time-varying EEG signals and their classification is a major challenge that faces current BCI. This paper proposes a modified grey wolf optimizer (MGWO) that can select optimal EEG channels to be used in (BCIs), the way that identifies main features and the immaterial ones from that dataset and the complexity to be removed. This allows (MGWO) to opt for optimal EEG channels as well as helping machine learning classification in its tasks when doing training to the classifier with the dataset. (MGWO), which imitates the grey wolves leadership and hunting manner nature and which consider metaheuristics swarm intelligence algorithms, is an integration with two modification to achieve the balance between exploration and exploitation the first modification applies exponential change for the number of iterations to increase search space accordingly exploitation, the second modification is the crossover operation that is used to increase the diversity of the population and enhance exploitation capability. Experimental results use four different EEG datasets BCI Competition IV- dataset 2a, BCI Competition IV- data set III, BCI Competition II data set III, and EEG Eye State from UCI Machine Learning Repository to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of the (MGWO). A cross-validation method is used to measure the stability of the (MGWO).</p> Hussien Rezk Hussien, El-Sayed M. El-Kenawy, Ali I. El-Desouky Copyright (c) 2021 hussien rezk hussien http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/265 Tue, 12 Jan 2021 09:25:46 -0500 Improving Power Quality and Mitigation of Harmonic Distortion Impact at Photovoltaic Electric Vehicle Charging System https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/288 <p>This article offers a clear and realistic design for an active power filter to increase reliability and power quality of the photovoltaic charging system and a high-penetration electric vehicle distribution system<em>.</em> The MOPSO algorithm is used as the basis for problems with optimization and filter tuning. A typical regular load curve is used to model the warped power grid over a 24-hour cycle to estimate the total harmonic distortion (THD). For structures with high penetration of electric cars, the probability of minimizing THD (for example to five percent) is explored via optimum capacity active shunt filters and shunt capacitors. To maximize general performance of the charging system, the switching systems are re-scheduled. Moreover, to increase the current control accuracy of shunt active filter, the fuzzy logic controller is utilized. The major drawback to new system is that it would have unrestricted billing for entire day to cope with voltage interruption. In MATLAB / SIMULINK, detailed machine setup and control algorithm experiments are simulated. The simulation findings confirm the efficiency and viability of projected shunt active filter to enhance voltage profile and track power performance of photovoltaic charging system.</p> Adel Elgammal, Curtis Boodoo Copyright (c) 2021 Adel Elgammal, Curtis Boodoo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/288 Wed, 20 Jan 2021 04:40:59 -0500 E-Notice Board (ENB) for the Faculty Community https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/287 <p>This research work developed Electronic Notice Board (ENB) for the faculty community. The purpose is to upgrade the already existing manual method of information dissemination, so as to improve the administrative work of the faculty, and to create an enabling environment for more efficient and friendly means of information delivery. It will improve the rate at which staff and students participate in faculty events and activities. The conventional notice board is one of the oldest methods used in information delivery and announcements to students. Students go to where the notice board is mounted in other to read updates or announcements. Use of wall notice board in every place is a tedious work since it needs to be updated regularly and with correct and right information manually. Few of the problems that necessitated the need for ENB are; inadequate time to read all the relevant information pasted newly on a notice board as a result of tight schedule since the copies are limited. Limited time-lag of newly pasted notice since people mutilate, remove or destroy the paper notices from the board leaving others uninformed. Some of the objectives are to enable individuals to view the update from their various devices from any location. To enable instant update to all users since notice is online. To allow individuals download and store copies of original information intact. Generally, it looks at the existing faculty notice boards, building a system that makes it run by the internet access or by local area network (LAN) so as to increase the rate at which relevant information is being disseminated to the faculty community with no location restriction. The user is kept updated each time the E-Notice Board is updated based on their categories through an SMS alert. This system intends to simplify and improve the University faculties to perform their daily activities since most of the school organs uses computerized system. This research work was designed using Object Oriented Analysis and Design Methodology (OOADM) and implemented using Hypertext Pre-Processor (PHP), Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), Bootstrap, Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) as front-end and My Structural Query Language (MYSQL) database as back-end.</p> Kingsley N. Omeje, Henry O. Osuagwu, Chimezie F. Ugwu Copyright (c) 2021 Kingsley N. Omeje, Henry O. Osuagwu, Chimezie F. Ugwu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejece.org/index.php/ejece/article/view/287 Wed, 20 Jan 2021 08:46:25 -0500